Make, Tutorial

Tutorial: How to sew gathers & ruffles with cord gathering (aka the easiest way to gather, ever)

Corded gathering sewing tutorial

There are certain things in sewing that you just hate doing. Some people hate setting zips (if you do, use the zip method in this tutorial and they will come out perfect every time), some people hate setting sleeves, and some people hate gathering.  I was one of the latter.

My very first proper sewing project, made well over half a lifetime ago, was an 8-gore double-circle skirt, with HUGE amounts of fabric gathered into the waistband.  I did not mind learning how to do a tiny rolled hem and hemming the meters of fabric, but I did NOT  enjoy gathering in the gores at all.  A decade of sewing did not improve my dislike of gathering one bit, and I just tried to avoid garments that involved it.  I would do anything but gathering: tiny cartridge pleating, tiny knife pleats, little box pleats…

Then I figured out  how to do cord gathering, and the skies parted, and angels sang.  Cord gathering is AMAZING.  It allows you to quickly and easily gather in huge amounts of fabric, perfectly and evenly, with no need to sew multiple lines of thread, no need to start and stop your stitching every two feet or so, so the threads don’t get too long, and no chance of broken threads as you gather.  Oh, and the gathers look much,  much better than standard gathers.

Have I mentioned that cord gathering  is amazing?

So, the next time you need to gather in a huge skirt, sew acres and acres of ruffles, or just do a wee bit of gathering for a little girls frock, here is the 100% effective, 100% painless way to do it.

Corded gathering tutorial

For this tutorial you will need:

  • The  fabric you want to  gather.
  • A thin, strong cord for gathering, such as heavy-duty  thread, dental floss, or fishing line.
  • Thread, scissors, a sewing machine, etc.

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

A note on cord choices:

I like to use heavy-duty thread for my gathering, because I prefer the way it feels as I work with it.  I also like that it’s (or at least can be) a natural fibre, so there are no synthetics left in my garments if I choose to leave it in.  Unlike finishing line, heavy thread will have minimal effect on the overall fall of your garment if left in.

Many people prefer to use fishing line because it’s much harder to catch in your stitching, and easier to pull out when you are finished.  I don’t like to use it because I  hate the way it feels  running through my hands (it gives me the same heebie-jeebies as fingernails on a chalkboard), but that’s a weird personal things.  There is also the small possibility that if you do hit the fishing line as you stitch, you’ll cut right though it, and have to start over, whereas you can unpick and rescue your gathers if you stitch through the thread.

Dental floss works well, and is useful because almost everyone has some around the house (hopefully!).  It pulls out easily, doesn’t affect the fall of the finished garment, but can be caught in the stitching.

All of the types of cord  have advantages and disadvantages, experiment and pick the one you like working with best.


Set your sewing machine to a fairly tight, medium height zig-zag stitch.  On most sewing machines your stitch length should be between 1.5-2.2, and your stitch width (height) should be between 1.5-3.

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

Tie a nice BIG  knot in one end of your cord, 10ish cm / 4ish inches from the end of the cord, so you have a little tail to hold on to:

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

If you are gathering in a large amount of fabric (say, a huge skirt, or a ruffle for a petticoat), divide your fabric into at least four sections, and mark the start/end point of each section.  Then, measure out a  length of cord as long as  you want the finished gathered length of fabric to be, divide your cord into four sections, and mark  the start/end points of each section on the cord.  Pilot Frixion pens work great for marking the cord and fabric.  The marks will help you to gather the fabric to the correct length as you sew.

And now, for the gathering:

You’re going to be zig-zag stitching over the cord, just within the seam allowance of the fabric.

Place the edge of your fabric at the 1cm / 1/2″ seam line (assuming your garment to sew has a standard 1.5cm / 5/8″ seam allowance – you want the gathering to be in the seam allowance), and place the cord so it runs directly between the inner and outer edges of the zig-zag stitch.

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

Start stitching, backstitching at the beginning, and making sure that your zig-zag stitches fall on either side of the cord, enclosing the cord in stitching.  Make sure that you do NOT sew through the cord at any point, as you won’t be able to gather along it if you do.

Here is what it should look like:

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

As you sew, pull on the cord from the front, to gather in the fabric over the cord as it comes out from behind your foot.

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

Use the marks on your cord and fabric to make sure you are gathering the correct amount for each section.

Here is what the finished gathers look like:

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

See how neat and crisp they are!  Now all you have to do is attach them to your skirt, waistband, dress etc!

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

When you attach them, be sure to sew just below the zig-zag stitching, so it doesn’t show through on the right side of the garment.  After you have sewn your gathered fabric on to a waistband etc, you can pull out the cord you used for gathering.

Here I have sewn the gathered fabric on to the waistband (I’ve shown the un-gathered section, because it is easier to see).  Note how my stitching is below the zig-zag corded stitching, so it doesn’t show on the outer finished garment:

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

For ruffles on a petticoat, I use lace or beading to cover the raw edges of the fabric:

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles

If you don’t want to have raw edges that need covering, use the fold method of cord gathering (see below for more info).

The zig-zag technique  works for almost all applications, and almost all fabrics.  It is not, to the best of my knowledge, a historically accurate technique (zig-zag stitching was not available on most machines until the 1950s), but it’s quick, easy, painless, and makes beautiful ruffles.

You can also do cord gathering by folding your fabric over a cord, stitching close to the cord using a zipper foot, and then gathering the fabric along the cord like a drawstring.  I’ve described that method of cord gathering in much greater detail in this tutorial.  I have seen the second method of cord gathering on at least one garment from the early 1900s, so it is period accurate to that era (though uncommon).  It does not, however, work well on heavier fabrics, nor does it work for any type of gathering where you don’t have an edge to fold over.

How to sew corded gathering & ruffles


  1. Thanks for this! I’ve never thought of doing gathers this way, but it definitely looks promising!

  2. Great tutorial, as always! I’ve found that a pintuck presser foot helps keeping the cord in position.

    • Thank you! Yeah, pintucker presser feet are awesome, and very helpful for this, but most sewists don’t have one, and not all machines will let you use a zig-zag stitch with the foot, so I opted for using tools that most sewers would already have around, as it’s totally possible to do it without a pintuck foot.

      • Yes, you’re right. The pintuck foot came as a standard with my inherited 60’s Husqvarna/Viking according to the manual – but now that I think about it, maybe pintuck, darning, and hemming feet aren’t standard equipment anymore… 😉 I’ve found them all useful, though.

        • I think even with high-end machines pintucking feet aren’t standard anymore! Hemming feet still come with lots of machines (and they are wonderful!). I have to say that even though I have every other foot, I’ve never bothered to purchase a separate pintucking foot for my machines, because when I want pintucks, I want them to be real pintucks 😉

  3. Elise says

    This is a way neato way to do that! And way less bulky than channel gathering.

  4. Neat! Thank you!
    Personally, I’d go with heavy duty thread, too, because I got loads from my aunt when she was moving, in various colours, so that sounds like a perfect fit and a perfect use for it. 🙂
    And it makes me less sorry that the Lucznik’s gathering foot doesn’t fit on Ema!

  5. Robin Gorsich says

    The singer treadle sewing machine that I had when you were a small child had a zig zag attachment. The machine had a 1905 copyright. I don’t know if the attachments were original

  6. I learned this technique when I was doing my work practice at local Opera house long time ago. It is so handy and I love it. I usually use heavy duty cotton thread which is called “fish thread”, a direct translation from Finnish. I think the name comes from the time when they used it to make fishing nets but these days it’s mainly used for weaving and crochet. It’s so sturdy you can’t really break it by pulling, that’s why it works so well for this technique. And it’s easy to get here too.

  7. This is awesome! I have never seen gathers sewn this way. I will be giving this a try because I really hate making gathers. I do love the way they look. Your method really likes simple. Like something could do.

  8. I love this technique, thank you! Anyone with a Bernina can also use the number 6 foot, which has a hole through it for the cord so it is super easy, and it used to be a foot that came with the machine.

  9. Tereza says

    Always hated gathering, tried this today, immensely helpful, thank you!

  10. Judie says

    I was taught to gather ruffles like this in home-ec, back in the day.

  11. Rhonda says

    Like you said about, I know this is not a standard foot, but do you think you could achieve the same thing with a cording foot? I bet we could and this would prevent accidentally hitting the thread/floss/line. I’ve done this with my regular zig zag foot but I think I’ll try it with my cording foot to see if it improves my accuracy.

  12. Yes, a cording foot works very well, because there is a groove in
    the bottom of the foot which holds the cord from being zigzagged
    into. I just put the cord over the material, put the foot down and
    go to town! The groove on the bottom of the foot, holds it in place,
    preventing the zigzagging needle from piercing the cord. It’s as easy as sewing a straight stitch. I set the zigzag at the widest setting and the
    machine absolutely will not sew into the cord. You just have to make sure the cord supply will not run out, though, before you finish the project,
    I have a wonderful old Pfaff Sewing Machine.

  13. Marleen says

    Thank you so, SO much from Belgium!! I put off making a certain pattern because I dreaded doing all the gathering. Now I can dive in and do it, thanks to your brilliant method. THANK YOU!

  14. Raina says

    Did I hear a “some people hate setting sleeves” in there?
    Oh! Oh! The corded gathering is lovely, but I’m stuck on that sentence…
    Have you got any magic for the sleeve people?
    Thank you!

    • Alas, I credit my non-fear of sleeves to the fact that I learned to set them before I knew they were supposed to be hard, and my first few went well. Not something you can replicate :-/

      My only suggestion for sleeves is to sew three lines of ease stitching, vary your ease stitching to the weight of the fabric (tighter for lighter weight) pin very carefully, and machine baste first. Your stitches should fall between the 2nd & 3rd line of ease stitching. Also, pay attention to the alterations you often make for yourself: I have slightly forward-tilted shoulders, so I move the shoulder-point of 90% of sleeves forward 1.5cm, and that makes them sit better.

      I also sew sleeves with the sleeve right side out, inserted into the garment which is wrong side out, and I usually sew with the garment facing up, and the sleeve going around the free-arm of the machine, so the feed-dogs can help ease in any extra fullness.

      Hope that helps a bit, Leimomi

  15. Thank You so much for this tip Now I no longer dread
    gathering . THANK YOU.

  16. Linda says

    Thank you for this. I used to laboriously measure and pin to get accurate gathers but this works every time. However, the li to the folding method tutorial does not work. I got a page full of warnings and messages that the server did not support the link. Please can you put the tutorial somewhere else? I for one would find it really useful.
    Keep up the good work

    • So glad this was helpful! Not sure why the link isn’t working, as the tutorial is still there. I’ve refreshed the links, and it seems to be working now 🙂

  17. Ann Francies says

    This was incredibly helpful dear lady! I see for my granddaughters and make them ag doll clothes as well. That double stitch threading was dreadful and a nightmare on my arthric fingers. And your way looks so neat and well finished. Thanks so much! Ann

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