Textiles & Costume

A make-do-and-mend granny square throw

It’s been a while since I did a proper ‘Textiles on Thursday’ with something from my collection, but I’m trying to go back to that.

This week I have a piece of real kiwiana, but also something that people all over the world may recognise with nostalgia: a throw of crocheted wool granny squares.

The granny square throw

My throw consists of 24 large granny squares: 6 one way, 4 the other, in shades of aqua, forest green, grey, lavender, periwinkle, heathered gold, yellow gold, white, ocean blue, brick red, pale blue, royal blue, peach, magenta, grape, cream and black.  Lots of colours!  The throw is lined in three cotton flour sacks which have been machine sewn together, and machine sewn to the crocheted throw around the edges.

Lots of little bits of yarn and many colours harmonise in this throw

Most of you will recognise granny squares from the 1970s, but the technique dates back to at least the 19th century.  Weldon and Company published a crochet  pattern for what they call ‘patchwork squares’ in 1895, and extolled the ease with which they could be made, and how frugal they were.

Felicity models the throw, because everything looks better with a cat

Their frugality based on the way they used up spare bits of wool, made granny squares popular during the Depression, and in the war years afterwards, when yarn and other textiles were rationed.

I believe my throw dates to the end of this period, probably the mid 1950s, possibly as late as the mid 1960s.  This is based on two things: the yarns used, and the flour sack lining.

Cat & textile

The yarns used in the throw are all pure wool: highly unusual for a 1970s quilt, even in New Zealand where wool has always been predominant over synthetics.

Felicity sniffs the throw. Do the yarns smell old to her?

The colours used are also consistent with 1950s knitting advertisements in New Zealand.  Even the orange shades, which we think of as typical of the 1970s, frequently appear in ’50s designs.

Interestingly, some of the yarns have perished and faded more than others.  The pale aqua blue, for example, is very weak.  I wonder if the dye has actually weakened the fibres?  Unfortunately, there is a lot of this yarn in the throw.

Cat cuteness, and large areas of weak aqua blue

The other evidence for my date is the flour sacks that the throw is lined with.

The old, worn, stained flour sacks

When I first got the throw the flour sacks were so old and worn and torn and stained that I didn’t realise what they were, though the piecing should have given me a clue.

It was only when I started to unpick them, with the thought of re-lining the throw, that I saw the printing on the back and realised their significance.

This flour bag was possibly from Atlas Flour Mills in Timaru, South Canterbury

50 lbs net. DH Brown & Son Limited

New Zealand switched to the metric system in 1967, so the ’50 lbs’ on the second bag definitely dates them to before that date.  Atlas Flour and DH Brown & Son were both established in the 19th century, but I haven’t been able to determine when they ceased trading.  The last mention I have of the former is 1943.  DH Brown seems to have been going strong until at least 1964.

An advertisement for DH Brown & Son 'Peerless' Flour, circa 1900

In addition to the wear to the flour sacks, there is distinct fading to the wool yarns, which is visible when you compare the vivid colours of the protected reverse of the throw to the exposed front.

The bright colours of the reverse - just as they were the day it was crocheted

The one thing that makes me question my dating is the heathered, or marled, gold and cream yarn.  This is a colour I think of as very 1970s in comparison to the other colours. There is a possibility that the throw was made in the early 70s from materials that were primarily stashed over a decade earlier, but the bulk of the yarns and textiles date to the 50s.

Whatever the actual date, I just love the aesthetic and philosophy behind the throw.  I love the vivid hodge-podge of colours: the idea that if you throw enough things together, it will work.  It’s so comfortable and unique and homey and organic.  Everything that modern, synthetic, mass produced items aren’t.

Mmmmy...I just want to snuggle up in the throw and play with Fissy!

I also love thinking of the woman who made this throw (and yes, it was almost certainly a woman).  The love and work that she put into this quilt.  The effort & skill of making something beautiful and useful, something that gave warmth and comfort, out of the last ends of balls of yarn, and three spare flour sacks.

The throw embodies all that is good and noble about crafts: a unique aesthetic, a personal touch, a clear, useful purpose, and a respect for the materials used, and the environment that produced them.

Felicity is more interested in toy than textile

This throw was in my collection for a while, but has moved on to another home.  Much as I love them, there are only so many pretty textiles I can own, and this one was quite bulky.  I hope its new owner love it as much as I do, and is as inspired by it.


  1. Stella says

    My mum had one of these when I was a kid, made in the 70s or possibly even the early 80s. They’re not so fashionable now, I guess (these days we seem to prefer fake fur throws), but they were obviously a big thing at one time because every house seems to have one somewhere. I’d agree that the colours are very 50s, especially the aqua. Mum remembers granddad painting their house that colour. Flour sacks, though, are something I’ve always associated with the Depression. Apparently, sugar bags made good underwear.

    • I find they are really coming back in with all the people who like retro stuff, and crafty stuff. I love them, but haven’t found the perfect one for me to keep.

      • Stella says

        You could always make the perfect one. They’re easy enough.

        • I don’t know how to crochet 🙁 And part of the perfect one is the hunt, so I’m happy to wait until I find it 🙂

    • Thanks Rachel! I did a bit of research, and from what I could tell the Atlas Mill was the one that used flour bags with that logo. I wasn’t able to find out the logos of the other mills. There isn’t actually a lot written on this subject. Someone needs to do a PhD on it!

      Cool that your aunt worked there. Does she know any of the history?

  2. jackiead says

    What a beautiful granny throw little Felicity does add a touch of adorable to the picture. I love the color combination of this granny throw. My grandmother loved to make these throws for her loved ones; she made me a baby granny throw for my 1st child 28 years ago.

  3. My ‘granny’ makes these. All the grandchildren have them. I even helped make some. Its how I learned to knit as a child. But ours is done as triangles rather than squares. Unfortunately this means I only know how to cast off by reducing rows into a point. lol!
    If you are interested I can take a photo.

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